Water Features
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The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many famous water features. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and constructed nearly all of them. He was also a city architect, in addition to his skills as a water feature designer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable all through the avenues of Rome. To fully reveal their art, mainly in the form of community water features and water features, Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately moved in Rome.City Rome, Gian Bernini, Water Fountains 14774576666905.jpg An outstanding workman, Bernin earned compliments and the the backing of popes and important painters. He was initially celebrated for his sculpture. An expert in ancient Greek engineering, he utilized this knowledge as a starting point and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population.Effect Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Landscaping 14774576666905.jpg Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were massive stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive techniques. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers wanting to dig under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

From Where Did Water Fountains Originate?

Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of age-old documents from their original Greek into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to enhance the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the reconstruction of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away.Water Fountains Originate? 14774576666905.jpg The historical Roman custom of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.