Water Features
Tuttle Oklahoma

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Original Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, commenced delivering the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people dwelling at higher elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they employed the new strategy of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to fulfill his needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his property.

The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.Origins Outdoor Fountains 076390034910305.jpg

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.