Water Features
Springfield Township Michigan

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed varied sorts of channels. These were made use of to supply urban centers with water as well as to lessen flooding and eliminate waste. The principle components employed were rock or terracotta. Whenever manufactured from clay, they were usually in the shape of canals and spherical or rectangular pipes. There are two examples of Minoan clay pipes, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that have not been observed in any society since. Clay pipes were employed to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the floors. The piping also had other functions including amassing water and directing it to a centralized area for storage. This called for the clay piping to be capable of holding water without leaking. Underground Water Transportation: Originally this technique appears to have been designed not quite for ease but rather to give water for certain individuals or rites without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits could also have been utilized to haul water to fountains that were distinct from the city’s regular technique.

Garden Water Fountain Builders Through History

Water feature designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific specialist.Garden Water Fountain Builders History 75800617194.jpg He systematically registered his findings in his now much celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the qualities and movement of water. Brilliant water displays packed of symbolic significance and natural wonder changed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers combined imagination with hydraulic and landscaping skill. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Other water fountain designers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water features and water jokes for the many properties in the vicinity of Florence, were well-versed in humanist subjects and time-honored scientific texts.

The Garden Water Features

The water from springs and other sources was initially delivered to the inhabitants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic.Garden Water Features 076390034910305.jpg Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to force the water through valves or other outlets. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been designed as monuments in many civilizations. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the very first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. Rock basins are theorized to have been first utilized around 2000 BC. The spraying of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the only power source builders had in those days. Situated near reservoirs or springs, the functional public water fountains furnished the local population with fresh drinking water. The people of Rome began constructing decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the countless fountains that were located throughout the urban center.Water Transport Solutions Ancient Rome 2479072229404673.jpg

Water Transport Solutions in Ancient Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, began supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up until then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some nine years he owned the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were initially established for the function of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct. The cistern he had constructed to collect rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water requirements. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

The Origins Of Wall Fountains

The amazing or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains.Origins Wall Fountains 207025070414862650.jpg People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.