Water Features
Mukilteo Washington

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and decoration until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is depicted in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most unscathed sample we have. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the shape of crude battlements.Outdoor Fountains: Minoan Culture 2479072229404673.jpg

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Culture

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various types of channels have been found. These were used to furnish urban centers with water as well as to reduce flooding and get rid of waste. The main materials used were rock or clay. Terracotta was utilized for canals and pipelines, both rectangular and spherical. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay conduits that were unique to the Minoans. The water supply at Knossos Palace was handled with a strategy of clay piping that was located below the floor, at depths going from a couple of centimeters to many meters. The terracotta conduits were furthermore used for amassing and holding water. This called for the terracotta piping to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s hidden nature may mean that it was actually created for some kind of ritual or to circulate water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: The pipelines could also have been made use of to take water to fountains which were split from the city’s general process.