Water Features
Hermitage Missouri

The Defining Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture

The initial freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized success since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars.Defining Characteristics Ancient Greek Sculpture 076390034910305.jpg Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are known as kouros figures. The kouroi, considered by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot stretched out of a strict forward-facing posture and the male statues were regularly nude, with a strong, strong physique. The kouroi became life-sized starting in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an amazing time of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new modes of government, created fresh expressions of art, and gained insights of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Nonetheless, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these battles.

Inventors of the First Outside Garden Fountains

Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an imaginative genius, inventor and scientific expert. With his immense curiosity about the forces of nature, he explored the characteristics and motion of water and carefully documented his examinations in his now recognized notebooks. Remodeling private villa configurations into imaginative water displays complete with symbolic meaning and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain engineers combined creativity with hydraulic and horticultural ability.Inventors First Outside Garden Fountains 207025070414862650.jpg The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic themes as well as ancient technical readings, some other fountain makers were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the countless lands near Florence.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many famous water fountains. Nearly all of them were planned, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a city designer, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain designer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An outstanding workman, Bernin received encouragement and the the backing of popes and well known artists. Originally he was well known for his sculpting skills. He used his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was affected by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.