Water Features
Alexandria Ohio

Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out providing the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill.Water Delivery Strategies Ancient Rome 057862912369871468.jpg Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some 9 years he owned the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially established for the goal of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it couldn't provide a sufficient amount of water. Via an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was able to suit his water demands.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Outdoor Statuary

Archaic Greeks were renowned for providing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Youthful, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to appear stiff and typically had foot forward; the males were healthy, strong, and nude. In around 650 BC, the varieties of the kouroi became life-sized. A substantial period of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about newer forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece.Archaic Greek Artistry: Outdoor Statuary 2479072229404673.jpg But these disagreements did not prohibit the growth of the Greek civilization. {

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo Saxon Grounds Time Norman Conquest 057862912369871468.jpg The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Castles were more standard designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. Peaceful pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The best example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to attackers intending to excavate under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.