Archaic Greek Art: Garden Statuary

The primitive Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. Thought of by Greeks to characterize skin care, the kouroi were shaped into stiff, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, brawny, and fit. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more refined forms of federal government and art, and obtained more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the types of battles that arose frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Fountains

There are many renowned Roman water fountains in its city center. Almost all of them were planned, conceived and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was furthermore a city architect, in addition to his skills as a water fountain developer, and records of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they finally settled in Rome, to thoroughly show their art in the form of community water features and water fountains. An exemplary workman, Bernin received compliments and the the backing of popes and important painters. He was initially renowned for his sculpture.Rome, Gian Bernini, Fountains 2479072229404673.jpg Working seamlessly with Roman marble, he used a base of knowledge in the historical Greek architecture, most famously in the Vatican. Although a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.