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Bernini's Garden Fountains

There are countless famous water features in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, created and constructed nearly all of them. Also a city builder, he had abilities as a water feature designer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable throughout the roads of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome to thoroughly showcase their artwork, primarily in the form of community water features and water fountains. The young Bernini was an exemplary worker and won compliments and backing of significant painters as well as popes. Originally he was celebrated for his sculpting skills. Working seamlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of expertise in the historical Greek architecture, most especially in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

The History of Outdoor Garden Fountains

History Outdoor Garden Fountains 076390034910305.jpg The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek documents into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to turn it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent restoration at the bidding of the Pope. The ancient Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was formerly occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and constructed by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The water which eventually provided the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona flowed from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The introduction of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century substantially modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However, there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense.Impact Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Gardens 057862912369871468.jpg Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace intended for exercising and as a means to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.