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Oakland Oregon

The Main Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statues

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Considered by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were shaped into firm, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-developed, and fit. The kouroi grew to be life-sized starting in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an awesome time of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, formed novel expressions of art, and achieved insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the conflicts, the Greek civilization went on to progress, unabated.

Original Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, residents who resided on hillsides had to travel even further down to get their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Through its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were added at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were provided to make it simpler and easier to sustain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he obtained the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t supply sufficient water. To give himself with a more practical way to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.