The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were usually important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. The calm method of gardening was unlikely in these bleak bastions.Impact Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Gardens 2479072229404673.jpg Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is rumored to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace meant for walking and as a way to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Where did Fountains Come From?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or jet high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes.Fountains Come From? 057862912369871468.jpg To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational events.

Use a Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

You can liven up your environment by adding an indoor wall fountain.Use Fountain Help Boost Air Quality 076390034910305.jpg Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this type of indoor feature in your home. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. The negative ions emitted by water features are counterbalanced with the positive ions produced by contemporary conveniences. Positive changes to both your mental and physical health take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. They also raise serotonin levels, so you start to feel more aware, relaxed and revitalized. The negative ions produced by indoor wall fountains foster a better mood as well as get rid of air impurities from your home. Allergies, pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms present in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall wellness.

Garden Water Fountain Engineers Through History

Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. He methodically reported his observations in his now celebrated notebooks about his research into the forces of nature and the qualities and movement of water. Innovative water displays loaded of symbolic significance and all-natural charm changed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers fused creativity with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist themes as well as classic scientific texts, other fountain creators were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the numerous lands near Florence.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were applied to provide towns and cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and eliminate waste material. The majority were made from terracotta or even rock. Terracotta was selected for channels and pipes, both rectangle-shaped and spherical. These consisted of cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were unique to the Minoans. The water availability at Knossos Palace was managed with a system of terracotta piping which was located beneath the floor, at depths varying from a few centimeters to a number of meters. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta pipes of the Minoans were also utilized to collect water and store it.Historic Crete & Minoans: Water Features 2479072229404673.jpg This called for the terracotta conduits to be capable of holding water without seepage. Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s hidden nature may suggest that it was primarily planned for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Some historians believe that these water lines were used to make a different distribution technique for the palace.