The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Architecture and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation.Effect Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Gardens 75800617194.jpg However the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures built in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive tactics. Relaxing pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The purest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants trying to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains 2479072229404673.jpg

The Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These provided water and removed it, including water from waste and deluges. The primary components used were stone or clay. When prepared from clay, they were typically in the form of canals and circular or rectangular pipes. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipelines that were uncovered have not been seen in any other society. The water supply at Knossos Palace was maintained with a system of terracotta pipes that was put beneath the floor, at depths going from a couple of centimeters to a number of meters. The water pipes also had other applications including collecting water and channeling it to a centralized place for storage. In order to make this possible, the pipes had to be tailored to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not really understood why the Minoans wanted to move water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: Given the data, a number of historians advocate that these pipes were not attached to the common water delivery process, offering the palace with water from a distinctive source.Caring Outdoor Fountains 2479072229404673.jpg

Caring For Outdoor Fountains

Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to place it is sturdy enough to support its load. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a light feature is going to be more suitable. In order to run the fountain, an electrical plug will need to be nearby. Most outdoor wall fountains come with simple, step-by-step instructions according to the type of fountain.

Most outdoor wall fountains come in "for-dummies" style kits that will provide you everything you need to properly install it. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are provided in the kit. If the size is appropriate, the basin can be hidden away amongst your garden plants. Other than the regular cleaning, little upkeep is required once your outdoor wall fountain is installed.

It is necessary to replenish the water consistently so that it stays clean. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Ensure that your outdoor wall fountain is protected from freezing winter temperatures. Your pump may crack when subjected to freezing water during the wintertime, so it is best to bring it indoors to prevent any damage. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great addition to your garden if you keep it well looked after and well maintained.

Classic Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Though many sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the detailed columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to portray common people as well because plenty of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Often times, a representation of wealthy families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid inside huge familial burial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquest of Greek civilization, also became customary. A point of artistic development, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms transformed during the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to say that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture was a modern part of antiquity, whether the cause was religious fervor or visual fulfillment, and its contemporary excellence might be what endears it to us now.