Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense.Anglo-Saxon Landscapes Time Norman Conquest 057862912369871468.jpg The serene practice of gardening was impractical in these bleak bastions. The purest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers trying to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

Keeping Your Wall fountain Clean

Proper care and regular upkeep are important to the longevity of water fountains. It is easy for foreign objects to find their way into outdoor fountains, so keeping it clean is essential.Keeping Wall fountain Clean 75800617194.jpg Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can develop. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular dilemma. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not an ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should have a serious cleaning. The initial step is to get rid of all of the water. Then use a soft cloth and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any smaller crevasses. Any soap residue left on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and eliminate any plankton or calcium. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar overnight before cleaning. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is low. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that!

Where did Large Garden Fountains Come From?

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional.Large Garden Fountains Come From? 14774576666905.jpg People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs nearby. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or jet high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the artist. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges

With the construction of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns.Aqueducts: Remedy Rome's Water Challenges 14774576666905.jpg In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the roughly nine years he had the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were initially established for the goal of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to fulfill his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Outdoor Elegance: Garden Water fountains

Since garden water fountains are no longer dependent on a nearby pond, it is possible to place them close to a wall. Due to the myriad possibilities available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond.Outdoor Elegance: Garden Water fountains 75800617194.jpg Due to its self-contained nature, this fountain no longer needs plumbing work. Consistently adding water is the only requirement. Your pond and the nearby area are certain to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and replace it with fresh water.

Outdoor wall features come in many different materials, but they are normally made of stone and metal. Identifying the style you want indicates the best material to use. It is best to shop for exterior wall fountains which are easy to hang, handmade and lightweight. In addition, be certain to purchase a fountain which necessitates little upkeep. In general, most installations are straight forward since the only parts which may require examination are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. It is very simple to liven up your garden with these styles of fountains.