Attributes of Outdoor Statuary in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC.Attributes Outdoor Statuary Archaic Greece 207025070414862650.jpg The Archaic period was an amazing time of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new modes of government, created unique expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian conflicts, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are examples of the types of battles that arose frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Begin?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist.Garden Water Fountains Begin? 076390034910305.jpg Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.Discover Tranquility Outdoor Water Features 207025070414862650.jpg

Discover Tranquility with Outdoor Water Features

Your mood is favorably influenced by having water in your garden. The trickling sounds emerging from your fountain can be helpful in masking any loud sounds in your surroundings. The outdoors and amusement are two of the things you will find in your garden. Considered a great rehabilitation element, many water therapies use big bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers in their treatments. If you desire a heavenly place to go to relax your body and mind, get yourself a pond or water fountain.

The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain

These days you can just place your garden water fountain against a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Due to the various possibilities available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this fountain no longer needs plumbing work.Elegance Simple Garden Decor: Wall Water Fountain 057862912369871468.jpg Remember, however, to add water at regular intervals. Your pond should always have fresh water, so be sure to empty the basin whenever it gets dirty.

Stone and metal are most common elements used to make garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. The design you are looking for dictates which material is most appropriate to meet your needs. It is best to shop for garden wall fountains which are uncomplicated to install, hand-crafted and lightweight. The fountain you buy needs to be easy to maintain as well. In general, most installations are straight forward because the only pieces which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. Little effort is needed to enliven your garden with these kinds of water features.Early Crete & Minoans: Outdoor Fountains 207025070414862650.jpg

Early Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The primary components employed were stone or terracotta. Terracotta was utilized for waterways and conduits, both rectangle-shaped and round. Amidst these were terracotta piping which were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like form which have only appeared in Minoan culture. Knossos Palace had an sophisticated plumbing network made of clay conduits which ran up to three meters below ground. The piping also had other uses such as collecting water and directing it to a primary area for storage. Therefore, these piping had to be able to: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s unseen nature might mean that it was originally manufactured for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars consider that these pipelines were used to develop a different distribution system for the residence.

"Old School" Garden Fountain Creative Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an innovator and scientific guru. He carefully annotated his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural expertise, early Italian fountain engineers changed private villa settings into ingenious water displays full of symbolic meaning and natural beauty. The splendors in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the various properties near Florence, some other water fountain creators were well versed in humanist topics and classical technical texts.