The Earliest Outdoor Public Fountains

Earliest Outdoor Public Fountains 14774576666905.jpg The water from creeks and other sources was initially supplied to the citizens of nearby communities and municipalities via water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. The splendor and spectacle of fountains make them ideal for traditional memorials. The common fountains of modern times bear little resemblance to the first water fountains. Simple stone basins created from nearby stone were the first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. Stone basins as fountains have been recovered from 2,000 BC. The first civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. These ancient water fountains were built to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, creeks and rivers to supply drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 B.C., commonly gods and animals, made with stone or bronze. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the incredible public fountains, many of which you can visit today.

Ancient Fountain Designers

Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired master, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance creator. With his tremendous fascination concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the characteristics and mobility of water and also methodically annotated his findings in his now famed notebooks. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and gardening talent, early Italian fountain creators modified private villa settings into brilliant water displays complete with symbolic implications and natural wonder. The brilliance in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Well versed in humanist themes and ancient scientific texts, other fountain creators were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water pranks for the numerous mansions around Florence.