Architectural Statuary Old Greece 057862912369871468.jpg

Architectural Statuary in Old Greece

Even though the majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the time period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to represent average people as well because plenty of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Often times, a interpretation of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be located inside of huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquest of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. A point of artistic enhancement, the use of sculpture and other art forms morphed through the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to say that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture is perhaps appealing to us at present seeing that it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not make a difference whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

Water Transport Solutions in Early Rome

Water Transport Solutions Early Rome 2479072229404673.jpg Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people residing at higher elevations had to rely on local springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at higher elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the brand-new approach of redirecting the circulation from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. Throughout the time of its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were situated at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. Although they were originally designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to gather water from the channel, starting when he purchased the property in 1543. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was in a position to fulfill his water wants.